Āṭānāṭīya- and Āṭānāṭikasūtra

Sander, Lore & Dietz, Siglinde (forthcoming) The Āṭānāṭīya- and The Āṭānāṭikasūtra: Sūtra for protecting monks and nuns in the wilderness: The Sanskrit text in the Dīrghāgama manuscript from Gilgit and a re-edition from fragments found on the Northern Silk Route. Oxford: Indica et Buddhica.

Āṭānāṭīya- and Āṭānāṭikasūtra – Title pageShort description

The Ᾱtānātīya-, respectively Ᾱṭaṇāṭikasūtra, is a text meant for protecting monks and nuns meditating in the wilderness against the aggression of hostile demons. The Sūtra contains many helpful mantras. It is recited before the Buddha by Vaiśravaṇa, the king of the northern region, who is accompanied by tamed demons and the kings of the other regions. At the end of the Sūtra Vaiśravaṇa´s recitation is sanctioned by the Buddha.

The text published is Sūtra 23 of the Yuganipāta, “The Twin Section” of the Sarvāstivāda-Dīrghāgama. The basic manuscript likely originates from the Gilgit area and can be dated around the 8th century. The Ᾱtāṇāṭīyasūtra is a well-preserved part of a Dīrghāma manuscript sold to different owners at about the end of the last century on the art market. It enables one to reconstruct the text preserved in fragments found by different expeditions at different places on the Northern Silk Route.